‘History is replete with instances of men who by dying with
courage and compassion on their lips converted the hearts of their violent
On the night of Gandhi’s assassination, President Pandit Nehru broadcast a radio address to the nation:
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi or ‘Great Soul’, an honorific allegedly first given to him by the poet, playwright, novelist and composer Rabindranath Tagore. Gandhi is also referred to in India as Bapu ‘Father’ and is honoured as the Father of the Nation.
Although 61 years ago to this day India may have been plunged into darkness, the light of Gandhi still shines brightly. In India, January 30th is observed as Martyr’s Day in remembrance of those who gave their lives in service of the Indian nation. His birthday, on October 2nd, is also commemorated as a national holiday in India. In June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly adopted October 2nd as an International Day of Non-Violence. Mahatma Gandhi was named 1930 Man of the Year by Time magazine and, in 1996, the government of India introduced the Mahatma Gandhi series of currency notes. Statues have been erected in his memory all over the world. There is notably a statue in Tavistock Square, near University College London, where he studied law.
There exists a wide variety of resources devoted to Gandhi in India and worldwide. Mani Bhavan, Gandhi’s residence in Mumbai from 1917 to 1934, has an extensive library with a large collection of books both read and written by Gandhi. It also has a very comprehensive website.
Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya19
Another recommended website is that of the Gandhi Book Centre, which includes a bibliography, quotations, photographs, a selection of articles written about Gandhi, as well as links to other websites and Gandhi centres and institutions.
Richard Attenborough’s film Gandhi (1982) is also well-worth watching.
For more information on Gandhi’s assassination, read Richard Cavendish’s article in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of his death
Mahatma Gandhi is Shot
See also David Bates’ article written for the 50th anniversary of his death
Mahatma Gandhi Assassinated
For more information on Gandhi and his legacy, read our article
Makers of the Twentieth Century: M. K. Gandhi